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The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski. This variation of the Queen’s Pawn Game is characterised by a systematic if modest development of White’s minor pieces to support a quick pawn move to the e4 square. It is solid, but inflexible.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - D05 Colle System
By its nature, the KIA is a closed, strategic opening that presents its practitioner with common themes and tactics and a comfortable middlegame against various defences. White’s most common plan involves a central pawn push, e4–e5, leading to a central bind, kingside space, and concrete attacking chances on a kingside-castled black king. Black’s resources—more queenside space for example—are not to be underestimated. In fact, this asymmetry often leads to violent middlegames and neatly constructed mating nets involving sacrifices.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - C00 King's Indian Attack
Along with the Trompowsky Attack, Colle System, London System, and Torre Attack, the Richter–Veresov Attack is one of the more common branches of the Queen’s Pawn Game. The more popular Ruy Lopez opening looks like a Richter–Veresov Attack mirrored on the queenside, but the dynamics of play are quite different.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - D01 Veresov Attack
Bird’s is a standard flank opening. White’s strategic ideas involve control of the e5-square, offering good attacking potential at the expense of slightly weakening his kingside. Black may challenge White’s plan to control e5 immediately by playing From’s Gambit (1…e5); however, the From’s Gambit is notoriously double-edged and should only be played after significant study.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - A03 A02 Bird's Opening
The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4. It is a “system” opening that can be used against virtually any black defence and thus comprises a smaller body of opening theory than many other openings. The London System is one of the Queen’s Pawn Game openings where White opens with 1.d4 but does not play the Queen’s Gambit. It normally results in a closed game.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - D02 London System
This opening is an example of a hypermodern opening in which Black invites White to occupy the centre of the board at an early stage with pawns. Black’s intent is to block or otherwise restrain White’s central pawns and, if allowed to do so by inaccurate play by White, eventually undermine the White pawn centre by well-timed pawn advances of his own or by attacking the white pieces defending the centreThe Nimzowitsch is included under code B00 in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - B00 Nimzowitsch Opening
The f2–f4 push gives the Bishop’s Opening an affinity with the King’s Gambit and the Vienna Game, two openings that share this characteristic. The Bishop’s Opening can transpose into either of these openings, and in particular a favorable variation of the King’s Gambit, but with care Black can circumvent this. Transpositions into Giuoco Piano and Two Knights Defense and other openings are also possible.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - C24 Bishop Opening
The opening move 1.Nc3 develops the knight to a good square where it attacks the central e4 and d5 squares. Although quite playable, 1.Nc3 is rarely seen; it is only the eighth most popular of the 20 possible first moves, behind 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.Nf3, 1.c4, 1.g3, 1.f4, and 1.b3. As of February 6, 2009, out of the over 500,000 games in ChessGames.com’s database, only 644—about 1 out of every 780—begins with 1.Nc3. The third-ranking 1.Nf3 is 66 times as popular. Some very strong correspondence chess players employ 1.Nc3 frequently, and it is occasionally seen over-the-board.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - A00 Dunst Opening
The Trompowsky is a popular alternative to the more common lines after 1.d4 Nf6 beginning 2.c4 or 2.Nf3. By playing 2.Bg5, White sidesteps immense bodies of opening theory of various Indian Defences like the Queen’s Indian, King’s Indian, Nimzo-Indian, as well as the Grünfeld Defence.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - D00 A45 Trompowsky Attack
It is named after the Danish grandmaster Bent Larsen. Larsen was inspired by the example of the great Latvian–Danish player and theoretician Aron Nimzowitsch (1886–1935), who often played 1.Nf3 followed by 2.b3, which is sometimes called the Nimzowitsch–Larsen Attack. It is classified under the A01 code in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.
E-DVD - Win the Game with Rare Opening - A06 B3 Nimzowitsch Larsen Opening